Modelling As An Approach To Understand Resilience Of Urban Kampung
IMELDA I DAMANIK (1); Prof. Ir. Bakti Setiawan, M.A., Ph.D. (2); Muhammad Sani Roychansyah (3); Prof. Dr. Sunyoto Usman, M.A. (4)
Resilience is an abstract concept of ability to spring back after disaster. There any various research about
resilience on urban design study, because it related to sustainability of living space and human being. The aims
of urban resilient are to build the capacity of urban area, to understand the vulnerability and exposure area, and
to estimate the risk of the area. City and urban area become prone of disaster because the density of population.
If the event and shock occur in the dense area, the lost is not only count on the value of the infrastructure but
Kampung is one of the dense area in urban, it provide settlement that built by local people with their own
knowledge, on limited space. Some kampung are located at the prone area of disaster, such as along the
riverbank. These facts put kampung in a high risk and vulnerability. To understand the context of resilience of
urban kampung, a set of measurement tools should be arranged in order to measure the elements of resilience.
This article reviews some measurement tools of resilience, understand the perspective of each tools and the
possibility to be applied on urban kampung context. The important insight of this review is that in certain site
context such as kampung has the local wisdom which will shape the application of urban resilience concept.
Nowadays, kampung is struggling to survive with dynamic of urban situation. The challenge is to measure the
movement from survival stage to resilience. The resilience of urban kampung will emerge from measurement of
their ability to build environment informally, their adaptation to the urban activities and limited used of